The role of the Criminal Grand Jury

 

 

Brenner,S., & Shaw, L. (2003). What does a grand jury do. Retrieved June 22, 2015, from http://campus.udayton.edu/~grandjur/faq/faq3.htm

The article by Susan Brenner and Lorry Shaw clearly explains the work of grand jury. These authors expound the grand jury roles of investigating and bringing charges. They also trace the history of grand jury since the time it was referred to as “the people’s panel” or the “voice of the community”. Back during this time, it was a way of giving individuals sense into government affairs so that everyone would understand the two perspectives: community conditions and/or investigating crime and bringing charges against persons who might have committed a crime. This article is important because it explains how the bringing of charges occur in that the grand jurors first listen to the evidence and then decides whether it can establish a probable cause that makes them to believe that the person who is about to be charged by the prosecutor has committed the crime(s).on the investigating part the grand juries does the investigation either as a chastely separate function or as a part of carrying out criminal charges.

Legal Information Institute. (1992). Rule 6. The Grand Jury | Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure | LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved June 22, 2015, from https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/frcrmp/rule_6

This article by Cornell University law school explains grand jury in various perspectives. One, the summoning of a jury is done either in general or by alternate jurors, it is done in general when public interest requires it to do so, while on the other hand, alternate jurors takes the task if the court choses to select alternate jurors from a grand jury. Secondly, it explains an objection to a grand juror or grand jury where it is stated that, if a juror is not legally qualified, he/she can be challenged either by a defendant or the government. A grand jury at large can also face these challenges. An objection may also rise if a motion is passed to dismiss the indictment. On the basis of objection of either an individual juror or a grand jury. Lastly, this article explains how a juror appoints a deputy foreperson and foreperson, who should be present during the session and finally how the recording and disclosing of the proceedings is supposed to be done.

Lippman, J. (2009). Retrieved June 22, 2015, from http://www.nyjuror.gov/pdfs/hb_grand.pdf

In this article, Jonathan Lippmann who is a chief judge explains that the New York and United States constitution has an established grand jury which has the authority to decide whether or not a person should be formally accused of having committed a crime. A further expounding of the grand jury shows that it is an important part of criminal justice system as it is a cross-section of the community which has been designed to both protect the rights of people against unfounded accusations and also upholds the laws of land as it indicates the persons who are alleged to  have committed crimes. This article further explains that even though a jury service might be at times inconveniencing interrupting one’s business and personal live, it is one of the unique privileges that citizens enjoy. Lastly, jury service is seen to not only have civic responsibilities but is also an opportunity to participate in the justice systems.

 

 

 

Vance,Jr, C. R. (2014). Criminal Justice System: How It Works | The New York County District Attorney’s Office. Retrieved June 22, 2015, from http://manhattanda.org/criminal-justice-system-how-it-works?s=39

This article is a relevant one because it gives a deep understanding of what grand jury is, the roles and responsibility that are plated by grand jury and finally how the proceedings should be carried out whether these proceedings should be public or not. In the explanation of a grand jury, it clearly states that unless a defendant consents, every felony case should be handled by grand jury which is comprised of approximately 23 members  who hear the presented evidence and the take various measures concerning it including carrying out investigations. After this, they can direct the filling of the information given by the prosecutor, can vote an indictment, issue a report or direct the removal of a certain case to family court. Finally, about the grand jury proceedings, this article clearly shows that the proceedings should be secret and can only be presented to specific authorized persons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Brenner,S., & Shaw, L. (2003). What does a grand jury do. Retrieved June 22, 2015, from http://campus.udayton.edu/~grandjur/faq/faq3.htm

Legal Information Institute. (1992). Rule 6. The Grand Jury | Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure | LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved June 22, 2015, from https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/frcrmp/rule_6

Lippman, J. (2009). New York State Unified Court System Grand Juror’s Handbook. Retrieved June 22, 2015, from http://www.nyjuror.gov/pdfs/hb_grand.pdf

Vance,Jr, C. R. (2014). Criminal Justice System: How It Works | The New York County District Attorney’s Office. Retrieved June 22, 2015, from http://manhattanda.org/criminal-justice-system-how-it-works?s=39